# dB to Linear Calculator

This tool converts from dB (deciBel) to a linear value.

🔄 Linear to dB

## Formula

If the ratio represents power. For example the output power divided by the input power, then

Plinear = POUT/PIN

and

PdB = 10*Log10(Plinear)

or

Plinear = 10(PdB/10)

If the ratio represents output voltage divided by the input voltage, then

Vlinear = VOUT/VIN

since Plinear = POUT/PIN

then, Plinear = (VOUT2 /ROUT)/(VIN2 /RIN)

if the input impedance is the same as the output impedance, then ROUT = RIN

Also,

PdB = 10*Log10( VOUT/VIN)2

or PdB = 20*Log10(Vlinear)

Vlinear = 10(PdB/20)

## Example application

### How to use the linear to dB calculator

• Enter the dB value
• Use the radio button to indicate if it’s a power or voltage ratio
• The tool will calculate the power or voltage ratio

### Example calculation

Let’s say an amplifier module amplifies the input signal power by 30 dB.

In this case, the ratio of output to input power expressed as a linear number is 1000.

The ratio of output to input voltage expressed as a linear number is 31.62.

## Background

The dB scale is a convenient way to represent both large and small numbers. For instance, 10000000000 = 100 dB while 0.0000000001 = -100 dB.

Numbers represented on a dB scale are typically ratios and percentages of power and amplitude. 

A ratio has no units. For instance, the ratio of two power levels 3 Watt to 2 Watt is 3/2 or 1.5. When performing the division, the units in the numerator and denominator cancel each other out and as a result the linear ratio has no units. It’s important to ensure that the numerator and denominator have the same units. For instance, one cannot be Watt and the other milliWatt.

When we ask the general question: How many times is one power level greater than another? The answer to this can be expressed in dB. As well, in reverse, dB can be converted to times.

For example, if a number A is 100 times greater than another number B, then on the log scale we can say that A is 10*Log10(100) = 20 dB greater than B. The assumption is that A and B are power levels.

## Linear to dB Table

This table presents linear equivalent over the range -100 dB to +100 dB.

## References

 deciBel on Wikipedia