## Bit Error Rate Calculator (with Examples)

This tool calculates the Bit Error Rate or BER. It is the number of bit errors divided by the total number of transferred bits during a fixed time interval. Calculator …

This tool calculates the Bit Error Rate or BER. It is the number of bit errors divided by the total number of transferred bits during a fixed time interval. Calculator …

Overshoot refers to the output of a control system exceeding its final, steady-state value. In this post we present two ways to calculate the Percentage Overshoot. From From Max and …

This tool provides the minimum sampling rate to reconstruct a signal with a specified bandwidth. The calculator uses Nyquist to compute the required sampling rate. Example Application Direct Conversion Receiver …

In this post we explain how to convert Bandwidth (Hz) to Data throughput (kilobits per second) for digital communication systems*. The tool answers the question: What is the maximum data …

This tool converts the audio sampling rate in Hz (Hertz) to bit rate in kbps (kilo-bit-per-second). Background The human ear can listen to frequencies between 20 Hz and 20,000 Hz. …

kbps or kilobits-per-second is a measure of data throughput. Hz is a measure of Frequency Bandwidth. The tool answers the question: How much bandwidth (in Hz) is required to transfer …

This tool converts Mega Samples per second to Megabit per second. It can also be used for the following conversions: Background The sampling rate of Analog-to-Digital Converter is expressed as …

This tool calculates the Resolution Bandwidth of a Fast Fourier Transform. It also includes the effect of decimation or further downsampling of the digitized signal. Enter: FFT Resolution Formula R …

Use this tool to calculate the bandwidth or spectral efficiency. It is a measure of how efficiently frequency spectrum is utilized by the physical layer protocol. Formula Bandwidth Efficiency = …

The time it takes in an ADC (Analog-to-Digital Converter) for a sample of an Analog input to be converted to its equivalent Digital value. Calculator Enter: Formula Sampling Time = …