# Baud Rate to Bit Rate Calculator

This tool calculates the Bit Rate (bps/kbps/Mbps/Gbps) from Baud Rate.

It allows the calculation of the number of bits per second from Baud. For example, it answers the question: How many kbps is 9600 Baud?

Enter

• Baud rate with the units baud/kbaud/Mbaud/Gbaud
• Number of bits per symbol
• Select the output units: Bit/s, Kilobit/s, Megabit/s or Gigabit/s

🔁 Bit Rate to Baud Rate

## Formula

Bit rate (R) is calculated by multiplying the Baud rate (fs) by the number of bits per symbol (N).

R = fs*N

## Example Calculation

A symbol rate of 9600 Baud and two bits per symbol converts to an effective Bit Rate of 19200 bits/second.

## Background

### What is baud rate and how does it differ from bit rate?

Baud Rate, also known as symbol rate, is a measure of the number of symbols or signal changes per second in a communication channel. It determines the transmission speed of data.

On the other hand, Bit Rate is the number of bits transmitted per second.

Baud rate takes into account multiple bits being transmitted per symbol. Therefore, baud rate and bit rate are not always the same and can differ depending on the modulation scheme.

### Why is baud rate important in data transmission?

Baud rate is a measure of transmission speed. A higher baud rate means a greater number of symbols are transmitted every second, which increases the overall data rate. In serial communication, baud rate determines the frequency at which data is transmitted over a serial port.

### How is baud rate measured and expressed?

Baud rate is measured and expressed in Baud (kilobaud, Megabaud, Gigabaud and so on) or Symbols per second.

Commonly used baud rates include 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, and 19200 baud. These values represent the number of symbols that can be transmitted per second.